Sugar Sweetener Description Tolerance
Agave Syrup From the blue agave cactus. Commonly No
used in Tex-Mex foods, tequila, margaritas,
soft drinks. High in fructose.
Aspartame Sugar substitute known as Equal, No
NutraSweet, NutraTase. FDA approved.
Scientifically studied in depth. Some
may be sensitive to headaches.
Derived from amino acids.
Barley Malt Syrup From sprouted grains of barley, ?
kiln dried and cooked with water.
Beet Sugar Sucrose. Same structure as cane sugar, No
but may produce different product results
because of .05 differences in minerals and
proteins. More common in Europe than the
U.S. If it does not say “cane sugar,” it is
probably beet sugar.
Brown Rice Syrup Made from brown rice. High protein content. No
Likely contains sucrose.
Brown Sugar Sucrose coated with molasses. No
Cane Sugar Sucrose. Table sugar. Yes – Limited
Corn Starch Derived from corn. Composed of straight No
or branched chains of glucose.
Corn Sugar Produced from corn starch. Contains No
glucose and maltose molecules.
Corn Syrup Glucose and water. Usually produced No
from cornstarch. The problem is that in
making the syrup, it may have either
maltose and/or fructose added.
Corn Syrup Solids Dried glucose syrup. No
Confectioners Sugar Sucrose. A chemical combination of Yes
glucose and fructose.
Date Sugar Made from dried, pulverized dates. No
Dextrin Glucose molecules linked together in chains. Yes
Does not break down to pure dextrose.
Dextrose Single glucose molecule. Simple sugar. Yes
Evaporated Cane Sucrose. Another name for sugar cane juice. Yes
Fructose Simple sugar of fructose molecules. No
Sometimes called fruit sugar. Made
of 6 carbons.
Fruit Juice Derived from grapes, apples or pears, No
Sweeteners heated to reduce water leaving a sweeter
more concentrated juice. Almost pure
Glucose Simple sugar. The chemical sugar structure Yes
of blood sugar. Made of 6 carbons.
Granulated Sugar Table sugar. Sucrose. Yes - Limited
Can be tolerated only if it is pure cane sugar,
not beet sugar.
High Fructose Enzymetically converted from corn syrup No
Corn Syrup to contain 42% - 90% fructose. Raises
(HFCS) triglyceride levels and may increase risk
of heart disease.
See the chapter on HFCS.
Honey Natural syrup containing about 35% glucose, No
40% fructose, 25 % water
Inverted Sugar Created by combining sugar syrup with No
cream of tarter or lemon juice and heating,
breaking sucrose down to components
glucose and fructose.
Isoglucose Another name for High Fructose Corn No
Isomalt Polyol No
Levulose Contains fructose. No
Maltitol Sugar alcohol form of maltose (glucose). No
This is a polyol.
Maltose Linked glucose molecules that rapidly No
break down to glucose in the intestine.
Maple Syrup Mostly sucrose. Contains some invert sugar. No
Molasses By-product of sugar cane with 24% water. No
Fructose level varies. Three kinds. Light
(sweetest), Medium (darker and less sweet),
Blackstrap (very dark, slightly sweet with
distinctive flavor. Good source of calcium
Molasses Sugar Dark muscovado sugar with extra molasses. No
Raffinose A trisaccharide found in grains, legumes and ?
some vegetables. Gas forming.
Raw Sugar Sucrose. Equal parts glucose and fructose, Yes
a chemical combination of glucose and
Saccharin Sugar substitute. Not as commonly used No
as in the past. Known as Sweet N’ Low,
Sugar Twin, Sucryl, Featherweight. FDA
approved. More than 6 servings per day
may increase bladder cancer risk.
(No longer approved for use in Canada)
Sorbitol Sugar alcohol. Common in fruits, particularly No
skin of ripe berries, cherries and plums.
Used in sugar free foods. Causes diarrhea.
Converted back to fructose.This is a polyol.
Splenda A sugar substitute. This is a chemically No
modified sucrose molecule that cannot
Stevia Natural sweetener from a South American Yes
plant. 30 % sweeter than sugar. Used
extensively in Japan, China, Korea, Israel,
Brazil and Paraguay with no side effects
reported. Known as Stevioside. Has not
been rigorously tested for safety. No
consistent manufacturing regulations.
Sucralose Chemical name for Splenda, a sugar No
substitute. Large molecule not digested.
Sucrose Naturally occurring sugar made from Yes
sugar cane or sugar beets. Commonly
referred to as sugar and table sugar.
Chemical combination of glucose and
fructose. Tolerated if from cane but
not from beets.
Sucrose Syrups Also known as Refiner’s syrup. By product No
of sugar refining. 18% water, 1 part
sucrose to two parts invert sugar.
Sugar Common name for sucrose, a chemical Yes - Limited
combination of glucose and fructose.
Xylitol Sugar alcohol. Obtained from fruits and No
berries. Also from birch trees and known
as birch sugar. May causes diarrhea.